What is a Cloud Native Stack? Exploring the Definition and Components

46405452 - What is a Cloud Native Stack? Exploring the Definition and Components

Dive into the world of cloud technology with our comprehensive guide. Learn about Cloud Native Stack, its definition, key components and why it’s a game-changer in modern computing.


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    The IT industry has dramatically evolved in the last decade, and a significant contributor to this evolution is the concept of the cloud native stack. A recent survey conducted by the Cloud Native Computing Foundation (CNCF) in 2020 states that approximately 92% of organizations have adopted cloud-native technologies.

    The adoption of cloud-native technology allows companies to leverage scalable, resilient, and highly available infrastructure, as well as improve maintainability and automation capabilities critical for modern applications. This article will provide insights into the definition of the cloud native stack, how it works, benefits, use cases, best practices, and recommended books to deepen your understanding.

    “Cloud native stack is the backbone of modern software infrastructure, enabling organizations to quickly scale and adapt to the ever-evolving digital landscape.” – Satya Nadella, CEO of Microsoft

    What is a cloud native stack? Definition of Cloud-native Solution Stack

    A cloud native stack refers to a collection of complementary technologies that together enable the design, development, deployment, and management of applications in flexible, scalable, and highly available environments. These technologies leverage the cloud’s inherent capabilities, such as automated scaling, flexible storage options, and distributed computing, to build and run applications in a modern, efficient, and easy-to-manage manner.

    ℹ️ Synonyms: Cloud-native architecture, cloud-native platform, cloud-native infrastructure, cloud-native technology.

    How it Works

    The cloud native stack comprises several components, which together facilitate rapid application development and deployment across various platforms. Here is a brief overview of the fundamental components of a typical cloud native stack:

    Microservices architecture

    This architectural style involves breaking applications into small, independent, and loosely coupled services. Each microservice is responsible for a specific functionality and communicates with other microservices via APIs.


    This approach involves packaging applications and their dependencies into lightweight, portable containers, making applications easier to deploy and manage by abstracting the underlying infrastructure. Popular containerization platforms include Docker and containerd.


    Orchestration is crucial for managing containers and microservices in dynamic environments. Orchestration platforms such as Kubernetes and Docker Swarm handle tasks like load balancing, auto-scaling, rolling updates, and fault tolerance.

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    Continuous Integration and Continuous Deployment (CI/CD)

    CI/CD pipelines are essential for automating application development, testing, and deployment processes, promoting faster updates and higher quality standards. Popular CI/CD tools include Jenkins, GitLab, and CircleCI.

    Benefits of Using Cloud Native Stack

    Opting for a cloud native stack offers numerous advantages, including:

    • Scalability: Automatically scale resources based on application requirements, ensuring optimal performance without over-provisioning.
    • Resilience: Easily handle failures, reducing downtime and maintaining application availability.
    • Flexibility: Develop and deploy applications using a variety of languages, frameworks, and platforms.
    • Cost-effectiveness: Pay for only the resources you use, and eliminate the need for costly hardware and infrastructure maintenance.
    • Increased Speed of Innovation: Accelerate application development and release cycles, improving time-to-market and staying ahead of the competition.

    Cloud Native Stack Use Cases

    Organizations across various industries have embraced cloud native stacks to help them address the challenges of modern application development and management. Here are some use cases:

    Financial Services

    Banks and fintech companies use cloud native stacks to implement microservices, enabling them to develop and deploy services such as payment processing, fraud detection, and loan management more quickly.


    Healthcare providers are adopting cloud native stacks to create telehealth solutions that provide remote access to medical records and consultation, improving patient outcomes and reducing costs.


    Retail businesses leverage cloud native technologies to develop and deploy scalable e-commerce platforms, capable of handling increased traffic during peak shopping periods.

    Media and Entertainment

    Media and entertainment companies use cloud native stacks to build and deploy content delivery platforms, video streaming services, and recommendation engines, enhancing the user experience.

    Code Examples

    import express from 'express';
    import { createConnection } from 'typeorm';
    import { UsersRouter } from './routes/UsersRouter';
    // Create a new express app instance
    const app: express.Application = express();
    // Set up body-parser middleware to parse JSON input from request body
    // Connect to the database using TypeORM
      .then((_connection) => {
        console.log('Connected to the database.');
        // Set up a route for managing users
        app.use('/users', UsersRouter);
        // Start the express server
        app.listen(3000, function () {
          console.log('App is listening on port 3000!');
      .catch((error) => {
        console.log('Error connecting to the database:', error);

    Best Practices

    Successfully adopting a cloud native stack requires adherence to specific best practices, including designing applications with microservices architecture, implementing DevOps processes, establishing well-defined CI/CD pipelines, containerizing applications, and choosing the appropriate orchestration platform, among others. It is crucial to focus on security, monitoring, and compliance by incorporating standards and observability tools throughout the application lifecycle. Ultimately, organizations must constantly explore and adopt new technologies to stay competitive and reap the full benefits of the cloud native stack.

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    Most Recommended Books About Cloud Native Stack

    For those interested in diving deeper, consider the following books:

    • “Cloud Native Patterns: Designing Change-tolerant Software” by Cornelia Davis
    • “Kubernetes: Up and Running” by Brendan Burns, Joe Beda, and Kelsey Hightower
    • “Cloud Native DevOps with Kubernetes” by John Arundel and Justin Domingus
    • “Mastering Cloud Native Architectures” by Piotr Mińkowski, Tomasz Lelek, and Aleksandar Gavrilovic
    • “Cloud Native Transformation: Practical Patterns for Innovation” by Pini Reznik, Jamie Dobson, and Michelle Gienow


    Investing in a cloud native stack is a wise move for organizations wanting to stay competitive in this dynamic digital landscape. By understanding its components, benefits, and best practices, organizations can unlock the potential of the cloud native stack and drive innovation, streamline development, and increase efficiency in their applications. Continuous learning and staying current with industry trends can greatly contribute to the successful adoption and management of a cloud native stack.

    Tags: cloud computing, cloud-native, components, containers, definition.

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    Back in 2013, I founded Echo with the simple business idea: "Connect great tech companies around the globe with the brightest software engineers in Eastern Europe." We've employed hundreds of talents so far and keep going.
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    li profile Lou Reverchuk

    IT Entrepreneur

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